Alternative Energy in the UAE: The Potential of Biofuels Sourced from Ras Al Khaimah Mangroves
By analyzing the abundant microorganisms in the naturally occurring mangroves of Ras Al Khaimah in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), this policy paper discusses the feasibility of a future where the emirate invests in biofuels sourced from its mangroves as opposed to using conventional methods of fuel production and usage, which can have negative impacts on the environment and economy. It explores the successes and challenges of each phase of biofuel technology innovation, so that the previous trials and errors can help decision makers critically assess the potentials of utilizing biofuels in current technology as well as in future projects. This paper finds that currently it is possible to use the existing mangroves as a source of fungi for biofuel production, but more investment is needed to support industrial-level production. It concludes with policy recommendations for supporting future research, implementing long-term energy solutions that address the UAE’s environmental and economic concerns, and encouraging future leaders and innovators to think local in addressing global problems.