As Northern philanthropic foundations, particularly those from North America, have extended their reach and activities into the Global South, it is clear that many of the problems that have historically plagued the development sector are now being encountered by the philanthropic sector. This concluding chapter, focusing on the role of philanthropy in education in the Middle East in particular, reveals that philanthropic organizations working in education on a global scale are facing a variety of similar challenges, including a North–South divide, issues related to collaboration, the growing influence of the private sector and a need for greater transparency. While the chapter discusses each of these areas, it also elaborates on where future research on global trends in philanthropy and education might go next.
Recommended citation: Ridge, N. (2019). Concluding thoughts: New philanthropy, age-old problems. In N. Y. Ridge & A. Terway (Eds.), Philanthropy in education: Diverse perspectives and global trends (pp. 198-208). Edward Elgar Publishing. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781789904123.00020